At the CFLE’s annual National Sex Ed Conference I had the pleasure of facilitating a workshop titled Dare to be Shameless! Overcoming Sex-Shaming Rhetoric in Sexuality Education. During this one-hour workshop we listed examples of sex-shaming rhetoric, identified ways that sex-shaming rhetoric can impact an educational environment, and described strategies for countering sex-shaming rhetoric. Yep, we did all that in just one hour. Phew!
It was a wonderful experience being able to engage other sexuality education professionals in a conversation about how our language can make someone feel ashamed about their sexuality, sometimes without that intention. What even is sex-shaming rhetoric? As far as I know (and please correct me if I’m wrong), it’s a new concept that needs descriptions and definitions. During this workshop, I had the help of 75 participants in outlining how sex-shaming rhetoric may be characterized. My own working definition of sex-shaming rhetoric is:
Language used that makes an individual feel ashamed of a healthy sexual experience, feeling, or act.
This definition may be too straight-forward, or maybe its brevity allows essential room for interpretation. In short, we as educators must be aware of how our rhetoric around sexuality, including our educational lesson plans, may make someone feel ashamed of their sexuality.
As part of the workshop, I asked participants to write down an example of something someone might say that could be considered sex-shaming, thinking especially of something a sexuality educator might say. Here are some of the examples they came up with:
- “If you get pregnant/get a girl pregnant, your life will be ruined.”
- “There is a time and a place to talk about sex and sex topics, and this isn’t it.”
- “Clean” = STI negative
- “When you have a new partner, you must use protection.” (It’s fear-based rhetoric and shaming for people.)
- A person with multiple partners is nasty.
- “Sexting is a horrible thing and doing it can ruin your life.”
- Heterosexual sex is ‘normal’ sex.
- “You shouldn’t be thinking about sex, you should be thinking about college.”
- “You’re not old enough to ask those questions!”
- “If you can’t see something without a mirror, it probably means you shouldn’t be looking at it.”
- “You’re stupid if you get pregnant.”
- “You will regret it.”
- “Boys don’t respect girls that have sex too soon.”
- “Males tend to be more focused on sex than females.”
- “…not something [that] good boys and girls do.”
- “If you sleep with someone too soon, you might smear your reputation.”
- “What would your parents say if they found out you were having sex?”
- “You shouldn’t have sex unless you’re in love.”
These examples depict characteristics of sex-shaming rhetoric, and yet they are things that we have all probably heard at least once in our lives from someone of authority. Being a sexuality educator is an honor, a privilege, and a responsibility. It is up to us to help people feel comfortable asking questions about sexuality, and learn more about themselves, rather than making someone feel bad and ashamed. Certainly, there are behaviors that need to be deemed as not OK, and that someone should feel ashamed about, such as engaging in any sexual behavior without consent. However educators (not just sexuality educators, but anyone who is potentially educating others) need to be aware of how their language can be interpreted. Our educational approaches can be affirming, rather than shame-inducing.
Thank you to all who attended this workshop, and I look forward to continuing this work on improving our sexuality education rhetoric.